The Museum of Arts and Crafts was founded in 1880. on the initiative of the Society of Arts and its, then, president Izidor Kršnjavi as one of the first institutions of its kind in Europe. The museum was conceived with the intention of creating “a collection of samples for master craftsmen and artists who need to re-enhance the production of everyday objects”. However, on this ideological basis, Kršnjavi does not create the foundations of a “craft museum”, but conceives this institution much more progressively, opening the phrase art and crafts to the possibility of a wider area of its future activities. The Museum’s strategy was to preserve the traditional values of folk crafts, but also to create a new aesthetic culture of the bourgeoisie. In 1882. along with the Museum, the Craft School, today’s School of Applied Arts and Design, was founded. Today, the Museum has a holdings of about one hundred thousand objects of fine and applied arts ranging from the 14th to the 21st century, organized into collections: furniture, glass, metal, ceramics, sculpture, painting, graphics, clocks, graphic and product design, architecture, photography (one of the oldest in the world) and photographic equipment, textiles and fashion, musical instruments, painted leather, ivory, printing and bookbinding.